CCA 3.0 Project 
Distributed Energy Resources 
by Community Choice Aggregators 

A Platform for Energy Transformation
In the past two decades, Local Power founder Paul Fenn created a whole new energy market based on local municipal control - community aggregations, or "Community Choice Aggregations," ("CCA") in regions comprising a third of U.S. power demand, in order to usher a new business model into America's electric (and gas) utility industry. Today over five percent of Americans are served by CCAs, from major cities like San Francisco and Cincinnati to rural counties like Sonoma County or Athens, Ohio.  While CCA is rapidly growing, most CCAs continue to maintain conventional energy supplies. The CCA 3.0 Project will change that.

CCAs serve tens of millions of Americans in 1500 U.S. cities today  CCA Laws cover ⅓ of U.S. pops - 100M Americans - soon to be ½ of U.S. pops. 

"The combination of local power providers and rooftop solar panels last year took an estimated 25 percent of California’s retail electricity business away from the big, investor-owned utilities. That could rise to 85 percent within about 10 years, regulators say. In other parts of the country, the shift has been slower. Still, hundreds of cities in Illinois, Massachusetts, and Ohio have formed local energy providers. In Westchester County, N.Y., one began in 2016 that serves 20 municipalities, and Governor Andrew Cuomo is keen for more. Boston is poised to start one shortly. At least seven states now allow the programs.”
                                                                              - Bloomberg, 2018
Having Proven The Case, The Real Work Begins
CCAs across the U.S. have indeed proven uniquely able to transform energy, but the vast majority have missed the boat. While San Francisco's CCA projects carbon reductions of 1 million metric tons per year, and  91 towns in Illinois have removed the carbon equivalent of a million cars from the road, most CCAs continue to buy conventional energy, or buy Renewable Energy Credits to go green. Local Power's continuing survey of CCAs has shown that  a lack of internal expertise is to blame.  Thus, Local Power has created The CCA 3.0 Project to fill the gaps and make best practices implementable by CCAs throughout the United States. 
"Paul Fenn is a little-known consultant with an academic bent, but he may be the utility industry’s enemy No. 1. For more than 25 years he’s been pushing the idea that local communities ought to be able to set up their own power agencies to compete with established utilities.” 
- Bloomberg Businessweek, 2018
"Local control, he says, can produce lower rates and greater use of renewable energy.   'I wanted a solution that harnessed the power of local democracy,' says Fenn, 52.” 
- Bloomberg Businessweek, 2018 (cont'd)
"Fenn’s campaign is finally getting traction, especially in green-minded California. What looks like complexity to utilities is, for CCA advocates, one of the selling points: local control." 
- Bloomberg Businessweek, 2018 (cont'd)
" 'People who care about climate change have been waiting for the federal government to act conclusively, and it hasn’t,' says Fenn. 'So there’s a refocus on the local level, where action is possible.'" 
- Bloomberg Businessweek, 2018 (cont'd)

“Enter CCA 3.0, a new utility platform for clean energy finance, smart grid and customer ownership. Local Power Inc. laid out a vision of Community Choice Aggregation 2.0 in a 2011 White Paper. 'Community aggregators used to only be supply-centric,'" Fenn said.

- CleanTechnica, 2015

“'Now (CCAs) are also looking for demand-side benefits that only clean energy finance can deliver.' In addition to financing mechanisms, they focus on the need to build local planning capacities." .”

- CleanTechnica, 2015 (cont'd)
CCA has an Army of Volunteers.
CCAs are activist-driven, local democratic initiatives. They need technical support to localize.